Western Sahara. In April, the UN Security Council
extended MINURSO's peacekeeping UN force's mandate in
Western Sahara to 2016. MINURSO's task is to monitor the
ceasefire in the region and to organize a referendum on the
independence of Western Sahara. Since the UN operation began
in 1991, the mandate has been extended 42 times.
In March, a Swedish aid worker and a Western Sahara
filmmaker were expelled from what was reported to be a
Moroccan police when they visited the human rights activist
Brahim Dahane in the capital El-Aaiún.
In May, Amnesty International published a report with 173
testimonies on torture in Western Sahara and Morocco by
Moroccan police and Moroccan security forces between 2010
and 2014. Among the torture victims were among other
activists and oppositionists.
In October, five refugee camps in Algeria with refugees
from Western Sahara were damaged by floods following
prolonged rain. 25,000 Western Saharans were affected by the
masses of water that destroyed houses, food and other
On November 6, 40 years after Morocco's invasion of
Western Sahara, UN Secretary-General Ban Ki Moon wrote in a
press release "that the situation in Western Sahara has
become increasingly alarming". He urged all concerned in the
region to "take advantage of UN envoy Christopher Ross's
increased efforts to facilitate the start of sincere
negotiations in the coming months".