Uganda. During the year, the country received a record
number of people on the run. According to UNHCR figures,
half a million refugees were in Uganda, who were praised for
their refugee reception and the way in which people were
integrated into society through housing and access to land,
among other things. In connection with his visit to Uganda
in November, Pope Francis praised the country for its
well-functioning refugee reception. According to
COUNTRYAAH, Uganda is one of
Africa's most Catholic countries with about 14 million
Catholics. Most of the refugees came from the war-torn
neighboring countries of Congo (Kinshasa) and South Sudan.
At the beginning of the year, the rebel movement arrested
LRA leader Dominic Ongwen of the Central African Republic.
Ongwen had been wanted by the International Criminal Court (ICC)
in The Hague since 2005, when charges were brought against
him and four other leaders in the Lord's Resistance Army (LRA)
who for many years waged war in northern Uganda. UN
Secretary-General Ban Ki Moon said the surrender to the ICC
was "a step forward in providing justice to thousands of
victims of LRA violence".
On March 30, Prosecutor Joan Kagezi was shot dead in a
suburb of the capital, Kampala. Police suspect the murder
was linked to Kagezi's assignment as a prosecutor. One of
Kagezi's ongoing goals, for example, was about the
attention-grabbing bombing that occurred in Kampala in 2010
and which 13 members of the militant movement al-Shabab
In June, the country together with 25 other African
countries agreed on a free trade agreement, Tripartite Free
Ahead of next year's presidential election, the country's
former prime minister Amama Mbabazi announced that he
planned to challenge President Yoweri Museveni in the post
of National Resistance Movement (NRM) candidate. But when
Museveni registered his candidacy in July, Mbabazi announced
that he would leave the ruling party and stand as an
independent candidate instead. Several opposition leaders
also published their candidacies.
In October, Ugandan human rights activist Kasha
Nabagesera received the Right Livelihood Prize for her work
for the rights of LGBTQ people in Uganda, who last year had
their assistance withdrawn from, among other things, Sweden
because of discriminatory laws against homosexuality.
Nabagesera's organization Freedom and Roam Uganda is
struggling to influence legislation and support LGBTQs
convicted under the country's homophobic laws.