Tanzania. In January, the government stopped the
respected weekly newspaper The East African, which is
published in Nairobi, after critical editorial articles and
an abusive satirical drawing by President Jakaya Kikwete.
After strong media protests during the year, the government
withdrew a proposal for up to 15 years in prison for civil
servants who disclose information that is not in the "public
COUNTRYAAH, the Minister of Energy became the third minister
dismissed following a corruption scandal in the state energy
company, where the equivalent of approximately SEK 1.5
billion was swindled from the country's central bank. In
April, the EU resumed budget support halted due to the
scandal. During the year, two former finance ministers were
sentenced to three years in prison for helping a foreign
company avoid tax.
Before the parliamentary and presidential elections, the
political opposition was united in a new alliance, the
Coalition for the Defense of the Constitution (Ukawa). The
opposition to the proposal for a new constitution became so
strong that the government was forced to postpone a
referendum to be held in April.
The popular former prime minister and CCM politician
Edward Lowassa was nominated as opposition candidate.
However, it was CCM's candidate, Labor Minister John
Magufuli, who won the election with 58.5% of the vote
against just under 40% for Lowassa. Corruption was a major
issue in the electoral movement, and Magufuli was seen as an
In the parliamentary elections, the opposition went ahead
and the ruling party returned, but the CCM (Revolutionary
Party) still retained its majority by a good margin. CCM
received 55% of the vote, and opposition parties Chadema and
CUF (United Citizens' Front) just over 37 and just over 8%.
CCM was accused of electoral fraud, and foreign election
observers criticized state media for being biased against
CCM. In Zanzibar, the regional elections were annulled
because of electoral fraud.
New President Magufuli appointed a relatively unknown
minister, Kassim Majaliwa, as new prime minister. Together
they took action against the corruption. Restrictions were
imposed on government officials' trips abroad and tax
exemptions were withdrawn. The head of the tax office and
five officials were shut down by the accused for corruption.
Among other things, 350 ship containers had disappeared. A
former head of the tax office was investigated for bribes in
a foreign loan to Tanzania of $ 600 million.
During the year, the government attacked persecution,
mutilation and murder of people with albinism, whose body
parts are considered to have magical properties.
Prohibitions were issued against so-called witch doctors who
were considered guilty. Hundreds of witch doctors were
arrested by police, and several people were sentenced to
death for murder.