Sudan. According to
COUNTRYAAH, President Omar al-Bashir was re-elected in April
for another five years. That the president received just
over 95% of the vote was attributed to the opposition
boycotting the election, the first since 2011 when South
Sudan became independent.
The turnout was very low. Officially it was stated to be
46.4%. This, although the three-day election was extended by
one day. It was seen as an expression of deep voter
dissatisfaction. Observers from the Arab League, the African
Union and the IGAD regional cooperation group approved the
election, which was criticized by the EU and the so-called
troika - Norway, the UK and the US.
Even in the parliamentary elections, which were held at
the same time, the ruling National Congress Party (NCP) won.
The party received 323 of the 426 seats. The only opposition
party to stand, the Democratic Unionist Party (DUP), got 25
seats while independent candidates took 19 seats. Before and
after the election, there were reports of how leading
opposition politicians were arrested or harassed. The
72-year-old president appointed a new government in June,
appointing new defense and foreign ministers.
In June, the UN Security Council extended the mandate of
the African Union (AU) and the UN Joint Force UNAMID in
Darfur. This despite the fact that Sudan 2014 declared that
it wanted to discontinue the force.
The security situation in the Darfur region remained
worrying. In November, the United Nations reported that at
least 100,000 people have fled after escalated fighting,
including between rival Arab clans, government forces and
other groups. However, the number was lower than in 2014.
The UN and other aid organizations criticized that they were
denied free access.
In April, the government reported major successes in an
offensive against the rebel force JEM (the Justice and
Equality Movement) in Darfur. The human rights group Human
Rights Watch blamed the government militia, Rapid Support
Forces (RSF), for murders, rapes, poisoning of wells and
looting. The report was based on testimony from refugees and
Struggles also continued in the provinces of the Blue
Nile and South Kurdufan between the government side and the
rebel movement SPLM-North (Sudanese people's liberation
movement). The government was accused of using cluster bombs
in South Kurdufan. Sudan has not signed the international
agreement banning these weapons.
No breakthroughs were achieved in the national dialogue
launched by the president in 2014. In January, 18 opposition
groups jumped off the process. Both the government and rebel
groups promised temporary ceasefire, but mistrust persisted
despite attempts by, among others, the AU mediator Thabo
President al-Bashir continued to defy the International
Criminal Court (ICC) in The Hague, which issued an
international arrest warrant for suspected war crimes and
other crimes in Darfur. He visited South Africa in June but
had to leave the country in a hurry after a South African
court announced that he should be arrested. South Africa
stated that the meeting was organized by the AU and that
al-Bashir had immunity. However, the ICC requested an
explanation, and in South Africa debated whether the country
should leave the ICC. During the year, al-Bashir visited
China and India, among others, who are not members of the
Sudan also contributed hundreds of soldiers to the
Saudi-led coalition fighting Shiite rebels in Yemen.