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Colombia

Yearbook 2015

Colombia. According to COUNTRYAAH, the regional elections October 25, admittedly, were a success for the Government Coalition National Unity as a whole; the coalition parties won the most governorship elections and 1,102 mayoral elections. At the same time, it was clear that it was not President Juan Manuel Santo's party Liberal Party (PL) that won most but his Vice President Germán Vargas Lleras Radical change (CR), which increased its number of municipal councils by 18% and is now Colombia's third largest party. Among other things, the party won five of 32 governor posts and three of the mayor's posts in the country's provincial capitals. The mayor's election in the capital Bogotá was won by Enrique Peñalosa, an autonomous candidate supported by CR. The election result as a whole precluded future cooperation difficulties within the framework of the coalition.

2015 Colombia

The elections were largely calm, but already the day after, the guerrilla group ELN (National Liberation Army) struck and killed twelve soldiers who were carrying ballot boxes in the Boyacá province. The peace talks with the largest guerrilla group FARC (Colombia's Revolutionary Armed Forces), which began in September 2012, took place throughout Havana in Cuba throughout the year. During the negotiations, the FARC announced a unilateral ceasefire, which was, however, rather fragile and repeatedly interrupted, with violence again escalating in a vicious circle. In May, for example, the FARC claimed the ceasefire after the military carried out a bomb attack on a FARC camp in Caucapo Province in the southwest and killed 27 guerrillas. Opinion surveys showed that pessimism among Colombians about a definitive peace agreement is great, while holding peace manifestations,

In a raid in southeastern Colombia in September, one of the country's most wanted drug kings, Martín "Pijarbey" Farfán Díaz, was killed in the so-called paramilitary forces fighting Colombia's leftist guerrillas. Just ten days later, in the Catatum Boro region near the Venezuela border, Víctor Ramón “Megateo” Navarro Serrano, a guerrilla leader who was also involved in the cocaine trade, was also killed. A UN report published in early July showed that coca cultivation in the country increased by 44% in 2014, with the most widespread cultivation in the southernmost provinces of Nariño and Putumayo.

In March, the Constitutional Court ended up in its worst corruption scandal since it was created in the 1990s. The chairman of the court, Jorge Ignacio Pretelt, was forced to resign at the urging of the other judges after it was revealed that he demanded large sums from an oil company to withdraw a fine from a lower court.

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