Cameroon. The year was marked by the ongoing fight
against the militant Islamist group Boko Haram. This was
formed in northeastern Nigeria but is active even on the
Cameroonian side of the border. In January, several thousand
soldiers from Chad arrived to help fight the Islamists.
Despite this, repeated attacks on villages in northwestern
Cameroon were reported in which dozens of people were killed
at each occasion.
COUNTRYAAH, in February, the guerrilla carried out a revenge campaign
against the Fotokol community when some 80 civilians were
killed in addition to about a total of 20 soldiers from Chad
and Cameroon. In July, at least three suicide attacks by
young girls should have taken place, including at a bar in
the city of Maroua when 20 people were killed and about 80
injured. According to a June statement by UN Cameroon
coordinators, Boko Haram had so far kidnapped 1,500 children
in Cameroon. These are used as servants but also as human
In August, an international force with troops from
Nigeria, Cameroon, Niger and Chad began operations against
Boko Haram. Cameroon contributed over 2,000 soldiers to the
force, which will consist of approximately 8,700 men. During
the year, the United States also supported the fight against
the Islamists when in October the country decided to send up
to 300 soldiers to Cameroon, mainly to help with
intelligence work, surveillance and surveillance from the
At the end of November, Cameroonian authorities claimed
that the country's army killed hundreds of Boko Haram
members and, in connection with this, freed nearly 900
captured people. Among these, however, there were reportedly
none of the approximately 200 schoolgirls who Boko Haram
kidnapped in Nigeria in April 2014. However, flags with
Islamic State (IS) symbols should be seized.
According to a report from Amnesty International in
September, the militia is responsible for killing 400
civilians in northern Cameroon since January 2014. However,
it was not only Boko Haram that caused suffering among the
civilian population. Cameroonian security forces were also
reported to have committed a number of abuses against the
population. In their search for Boko Haram, they must have
carried out violent raids on villages and then destroyed
homes, killed civilians and arrested about 1,000 people. The
inhuman prison conditions must have caused several deaths.
The Cameroon government called the criticism "excessive and
From conflict-ridden neighboring countries - in addition
to Nigeria including the Central African Republic - Cameroon
received a large number of refugees during the year.
According to the UNHCR (UNHCR), there were close to 200,000
Central Africans in Cameroon in January, a figure that was
expected to rise to around 230,000 by the end of the year.
The number of Nigerian refugees was estimated at between
15,000 and 20,000.